One of the ways to motivate Sts’ learning is using teaching aids. There are many teaching aids we can use: flashcards, whiteboards, masks, gesture, board games, songs, projector, pointers….We also knew four main learning styles:
– Visual- eyes: includes picture flashcards, number flashcards, posters, masks, models, whiteboard, computers, gesture….
– Auditory- ears: includes video, songs, music…
– Kinaesthtic- whole body: includes masks, models, board games, drama, realia, pointers, gesture….
– Tactile- hands: includes models, board games, realia, pointers, toys, computers….
I read and studied about the theory of learning styles and multiple intelligences.
(*) Each student in class has different learning styles. So teachers always changes themselves to suite for sts’ learning styles. Students will learn better and more quickly if teachers use teaching methods to make interest. The student-teacher relationship can improve because the student is more successful and is more interested in learning. Beside four learning styles above, there are some others:
+ Field- independent vs. field- dependent: Field- independent students can easily separate important from a complex background. They can rely on themselves when they solve problem. Field- dependent students find it more difficult to solve any problems, they need rely on others’ ideas.
+ Left- brain dominated vs. right-brain nominated. As I read, sts who are left-brain dominated are intellectual, rely on language in thinking and remembering, prefer certain info…. And right- brain dominated students are intuitive, prefer uncertain info, rely on drawing to help thinks and learn.
(*) types of multiple intelligences:
– Linguistic – The word player
– Logical / Mathematical – The questioner
– Visual / Spatial – The visualiser
– Musical – The music lover
– Bodily / Kinaesthetic – The mover
– Interpersonal – The socialiser
– Intrapersonal – The loner
– Naturalistic – The nature lover
Each students has different types of multiple intelligences. So how to teach suitably. Below is a table of learner types and some suggested activities for each type. It is adapted from Jeremy Harmer’s book The Practice of English Language Teaching but was originally taken from ‘How to use Gardner’s intelligences in a class program’ by M Loon for the University of Canberra. I got it from http://www.teachingenglish.org.uk/articles/multiple-intelligences
|Learner type||Is good at||Learns best by||Activities|
|Linguistic||Reading, writing and stories||Saying, hearing and seeing words||Memory games
|Logical / mathematical||Solving puzzles, exploring patterns, reasoning and logic||Asking questions, categorising and working with patterns||Puzzles
|Visual / Spatial||Drawing, building, arts and crafts||Visualising, using the mind’s eye||Flashcards
|Musical||Singing, listening to music and playing instruments||Using rhythm, with music on||Using songs
|Bodily / Kinaesthetic||Moving around, touching things and body language||Moving, touching and doing||TPR activities
|Interpersonal||Mixing with others, leading groups, understanding others and mediating||Co-operating, working in groups and sharing||Mingle activities
|Intrapersonal||Working alone and pursuing own interests||Working alone||Working individually on personalised projects|
|Naturalistic||Nature||Working outside and observing nature||Environmental projects.|