After finishing the first lesson of ETP341 subject, I not only have a better understanding of Multiple Intelligences (MIs) but also can use it for teaching at primary school. And now, I want to share with you something about it. According to you, what is intelligence? Can you give me concept of it? There are many different views about how to define “intelligence”; however, most definitions agree that intelligence consists of logic, abstract thought, communication, learning, knowledge, problem-solving and perception. In the book “Frames of Mind”, Howard Gardner (1983) divided intelligence into eight components including logical/mathematical, verbal/linguistic, naturalistic, spatial/visual, musical, bodily- , interpersonal, and intrapersonal intelligence.
First, logical/mathematical. You have ability in mathematics and logic. Also, you are good at number activities, working with geometric shapes and solving problems. Second, verbal/ linguistic. It is the capacity of the use of language, and sensitive to words. You are interested in listening, speaking, storytelling, analyzing language usage. Third, spatial/visual: the ability to understand the visual world and respond well to it. It has skills such as understanding charts and graphs, sketching, painting, designing practical objects. Fourth, musical intelligence: the ability to understand and create sounds and rhythm in music. This intelligence is highly developed in musicians, composers and dancers. Fifth, bodily-kinesthetic: the ability to control the body, hand the object. You may enjoy dancing, sports, acting, expressing feelings through your body. The next intelligence is interpersonal that is an ability to conceive about moods, desires, and motivations of others to respond well. You can see things from other perspectives, listening or communicating both verbally and non-verbally. Seventh, naturalistic intelligence is individuals who are high in this type of intelligence are more in tune with nature and are often interested in nurturing, exploring the environment and learning about other species. The last intelligence is intrapersonal intelligence. You have the ability to understand your own feelings and control your own behavior. It means that you may recognize your strong points and weak points. Novelists and or counselors use this intelligence.
When you understand MIs, you can use them into your teaching at primary school. In a class, it will have variety of intelligences; therefore, you have to know what your student intelligence is. From that, depending on student’s intelligence, you have different ways to teach them effectively. Also, the transmission of lesson content to your students will become easier, so they not only understand the lesson better but also are more interested in that lesson. Besides, it creates conditions to develop and promote their strengths. In a lesson, we should combine intelligences together instead of using only intelligence for all students to develop the skills evenly. For instance, when you teach new words about topic kinds of fruits, you can use many activities such as singing a fruit song, playing a game (crosswords) relating fruits words, using pictures, visuals or painting fruits.
In conclusion, the use of MIs in the classroom is an effective and useful method in teaching and learning English among primary school students. It helps students develop their strong point to learn better. In addition, teachers are flexible in combination MIs together when teaching.
- Gardner, H. (1983). Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences, Basic Books, ISBN 0133306143