Multiple intelligences (MIs)
After the first lesson of ETP341, I know more information about multiple intelligences (MIs) and understand the importance of using these multiple intelligence in teaching language for primary students. Howard Gardner (1983) states that each individual has at least seven distinct intelligences: verbal/linguistic, logical/mathematical, spatial/visual, bodily/kinesthetic, musical, interpersonal, intrapersonal intelligence.
Firstly, linguistic intelligence. It is ability to use words and languages. People, who have this intelligence, they are sensitive to the meaning of words as well as the order of words and their sounds. They prefer thinking in words rather than pictures. Secondly, logical intelligence. You have ability to use reasons, logic and numbers. You always want to make connections between pieces of information. In the future, you can become a scientist, an engineer or mathematician. Thirdly, visual intelligence. When people have visual intelligence, they are able to creat mental image and they also have sensitivity to shape, color and size. They can think in picture and remember by images better by words. Fourthly, bodily intelligence. This kind of intelligence helps people control body movement and handle objects skillfully. They can express themselves through movement. They are interested in dancing, acting,…Fifthly, musical intelligence. You can think in sounds, rhythms and patterns. You also can understand and creat music. Sometimes, songs or rhythms can help you learn effectively. The next intelligence is interpersonal. It means if you have this intelligence, you will understand others easily. You are also sensitive to the feelings, intentions of each others. Lastly, intrapersonal intelligence. You can understand your own feelings and control your own behaviour. You try to understand your inner feelings, dreams, relationships with others and strengths and weaknesses.
Understanding clearly MIs will help teachers give the most suitable methods teaching for students at Primary school. In a class, each student has different strengths and weaknesses so they can learn well by different ways and activities. To help them learn effectively, it is very important for teachers to recognize what intelligence their students belong to have good teaching methods and activities. For example, if their students have linguistic intelligence, they can help students study better by using some activities likely writing story, play vocabulary games or create a newspaper. With musical learners, teachers can ask them to sing and listen to songs, play or compose music. However, to help students develop comprehensively, in a lesson, teachers should use connections between multiple intelligences. For instance, in a lesson teaching vocabulary about animals, teachers can use pictures and describe animals through imitating their special features. Therefore, in this lesson, teachers combine bodily intelligence and visual intelligence to help students remember new words fast and easily.
To sum up, understanding MIs well and using them effectively in a class is very necessary for teachers in teaching languages at Primary school. It helps students express their own strengths. Besides, teachers also know how to combine multiple intelligences to help student develop completely.