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The believable results of some brain-based researches have proved the success of science in studying human. Through these brain-based researches, people will have more detailed understanding about processing of appearing and developing of emotions, thinking, awareness, etc to apply in our life, especially in teaching and learning. “Today, education is poised to move beyond tradition for tradition’s sake. Although we certainly have not uncovered all there is to know about the brain and learning, the medical field has given us some concrete, physiological data to consider when developing and implementing teaching strategies. Educators working in brain-compatible environments can develop an unprecedented professional competence that will enable students to reap the rewards of powerful, successful learning (Erlauer, 2003, p.1-2). Some researches stated that experiences and environments are elements that affect the brain development and learning of a child. Therefore, teachers in general and primary school teachers in particular should have detailed understanding about these things to have correct and suitable teaching methods, especially in teaching English for children.
Experiences shape the brain. The world the child lives affects how his brain grows. The child needs new positive experiences in a safe environment to build a healthy brain. Healthy relationships are the most important experience that the child can get. Therefore, teacher should help children to build good relationships between students and students, students and the others, etc. Besides, after giving students knowledge, teacher should give them time to practice with that knowledge. They are experiences in learning, and then the experiences will be more and more complicated through exercises with level of difficulty increased. It helps learners to remember knowledge and apply the knowledge creatively.
The effects of environments on the child’s brain development are very important. Jensen 2001 pointed out that emotions, safety, music, choices, physical movement, etc can increase memory for children.
– Safe environments
Teacher should ensure that the classroom is free of anything that could make children afraid to make them feel that school is a safe place. Especially, when learning English, children only learn well when they are active and creative people. It means that they have to feel comfortable and safe, so they can develop their ability. Moreover, children are very aggressive. They like new and colorful things. Therefore, teacher should use videos, visual aids with many colors when teaching, but also makes sure that students feel safe and do not fear when see them.
– Environments with good emotions
Emotions affect memory and brain development. When a person feels satisfied, the brain releases endorphins that increase memory skill (Jensen 2005). Therefore, in teaching (especially in teaching English), teacher should start the day with humor by telling a funny story or showing a funny picture to help students feel comfortable before beginning new lesson. In addition, Sousa 2006 stated that many researches mention that children will learn more effective with the lesson broken down into short and relative pieces of information. It is also a good way to create good emotions in learning English. Besides, scientists also proved that one of important keys of brain-based education is that attention follows emotion, and both music and art often knock into the emotional areas to help the brain to remember and connect information. Music can decrease stress, so teacher can let them sing some songs together to make warm atmosphere or use videos to teach new words, etc. Art is an important part of brain-based education in that it helps learners to release their creativity. For example, teacher can let them draw pictures and describe the pictures in English with simple words, etc.
When a child is at the age of 2 to 3, he is able to learn a new language. Hence, children should learn English as soon as possible, but it must be followed correct methods of teaching (Dr, Nguyen Hong Con). Therefore, studying how the brain works allows educators to create an environment that gives learners success in learning, especially in learning English.