Hello everybody!. My name’s Hoai. Today, i am very glad to share my journal about multiple intelligences for PELT.
Before studying this subject – “Primary training course”, i don’t know exactly what MIs are. I thought that people who good at Math, Physics and chemistry are intelligent; otherwise, people who good at literature, history, geography are not. However, i changed my mind after the first lesson. I knew more about multiple intelligences. In the book “Frames of Mind”, Howard Gardner (1983) divided intelligence into eight components including: verbal/ linguistic, logical/ mathematical, spatial/ visual, bodily- kinesthetic, musical, naturalistic, interpersonal and intrapersonal intelligence.
The first type is verbal/ linguistic; they are people who are good at speaking, listening, story telling and analyzing language usage. Therefore, teachers should give children chances to show pomes, songs, make some short conversations, dialogues, discussions, crossword puzzles and games. The 2nd type is logical/ mathematic; they are peple who good at working with number, classifying and categorizing information. With these children, teachers can make sequencing activities, puzzles, categorizing things, doing experiment. The 3rd type is spatial/ visual; people in this group are good at understanding the visual world and responding well to it. Thus, teacher can give some activities such as drawing, doing art activities, imagination games, story books with pictures, creating mind maps. Teacher’s lesson should use pictures, slides, colour to illustrate. The 4th type is bodily- kinesthetic; this group consists of people who can control the body and use their postures to express. This type is suitable with role play, drama, physical/action games. The next type is musical; they are good at hearing and making sounds and rhythm in music. They can sing, play musical instruments. The 6th type is naturalistic intelligence, people who can identify or have a sensitivity or natural forms such as: animals, flowers, etc.The 7th type is interpersonal; children of this type can understand and work well with other people. Therefore, teachers can organize group activities to help children corporate with other childrens. The last type is intrapersonal; children with intrapersonal intelligence can understand themselves so that they can control their own behavior. To help these children, teachers help them analyze what they have leant or give them private space through learning process.
In facts, after doing a multiple intelligence test, I realized that I had high levels of intelligence in musical. I was not surprise with these results because I always like singing a song. Moreover, I also can play some instrument like guitar and piano and i have perform with my friends. I joined in guitar club of school of foreign language- Thai Nguyen University. That is also the reason why I can remember the lyric and the rhythm of song easier.
We are teacher in the future, so what should we do? I think that when we teach children, especially children in primary school, the understanding of the multiple of intelligences is so important. Teachers can recognize the ability of each student in order to have the suitable methods in teaching. From that, we can get the good results as well as reveal special ability of each student to hepl them develop in all sides. Besides, in a lesson, we should encourage children to develop their intelligences and combine intelligences together instead of using only intelligence for all students. For instance, when you teach new words about topic: weather, you can use many activities such as singing a weather song, playing a game (matching) relating weather words, using pictures, visuals or painting of cloud, sun. .
The fact, everyone has their own intelligences; teacher can use as tools to discover and develop students’ abilities with suitable learning methods. Teachers should also consider and realize what they need what they want or what they are good at and then choose the activities suitably children’s concer and interest.
Gardner, H. (1983). Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences, Basic Books.