Nowadays, the teaching of English as a foreign language in primary schools is gaining popularity throughout the world. Many countries are also using English in the upper grades as the vehicular language for all or part of the general curriculum. And the research about the development of brain plays an important role in helping us to find our good methods to teach English for children.
What we have learnt about the process of brain development has helped us understand more about the roles both genetics and the environment play in our development. It appears that genetics help us develop in certain ways. But our experiences , including our interactions with other people, have a significant impact on us.
There’s a fact that most of the brain’s cells are formed before birth , but most of the connections among cells are made during infancy and early childhood. Scientists also find out that the brain has an ability to change in response to repeated stimulation, and early experience and interaction with the environment are most critical in a child’s brain development. Due to this, when we teach English for children , we should give them more chance to practice , so that the will be able to experience such a new thing like English.
Some people said that a toddler’s brain is less active than the brain of a college student . This statement is obviously wrong .Exactly, a 3-year old toddler’s brain is twice active as an adult’s brain . that why we have to spend a special care for children in this period. It is really a sensitive stage. At this satge , talking to a baby can establish foundation for learning languages during critical periods when learning is eastest for a child. This is because our brains are wrired to respond to the sound of speech, when babies hear people speaking, the neural systems in their brains responsible for speech and language receive the necessary stimulation to organize and function. The more babies are exposed to people speaking, the stronger their related synapse (connections) become. Talking English to children in this period is very effective because they can have a basic stage to prepare for higher education.
So what we need to provide the children to help them improve their language speaking ability?? Some special helps or some costly toys??
The answer is no. what children need most is loving care and new experience, not those special attentions or toys. We can talk , sing , play or dance with the children. These are some keys and activities that build the child’s brain.
Games become not only an important part of child’s life but also an useful and efficient tool in learning English. There are many advantages of using games in the classroom:
- They are motivating and challenging.
- Learning a language requires a great deal of effort.
- Games help students to make and sustain the effort of learning.
- Games provide language practice in the various skills- speaking, writing, listening and reading…
And we can also combine teaching lessons with some songs , so that the children won’t get bored with the theory.
Hope that our teacher staffs will find more and more good ways and methods to give our children the best developing environment.