Have you ever thought why primary students impact in many different ways to the same activity. A theory of Multiple Intelligences that is developed by Howard Gardner – an American psychologist will explain about this question.
“Intelligence” is a psychological concept which is related to children’s learning and teachers’ teaching. According to the theory, there are eight types of intelligences including: Linguistic, Logical (mathematical), Visual (spatial), Musical, Bodily (kinaesthetic), Interpersonal, Intrapersonal, and Naturalistic. Every child master at least one or maybe more than one type of intelligence. Students hold dissimilar kinds of intelligences, so their study, memory, performance, and understanding is not the same way. I can give you some examples of different kinds of intelligences. To children having the “visual intelligence”, they are fond of drawing the pictures, playing crossword puzzles, reading maps. They usually remember vocabulary quickly with pictures. Therefore, the teacher should teach their students through drawings, models, charts, graphics, video, … In addition, other children who possess “musical intelligence” will care much about rhythm and sound. They love listening to music, singing a song, playing instruments. They can study vocabulary better with music. Teachers should use songs, musical instruments to teach them. However, to children who have ability to use the body effectively, have interest in the physical activities. It means that they like touching things, moving. They can study well through body language. Therefore, they should be taught through physical activities such as role-playing.
In conclusion, through the theory of Multiple Intelligences, teachers know the implications of the multiple intelligences in primary English language teaching. The teachers will have a new grasp and realize the relationship between the multiple intelligences and teaching strategies of English. Moreover, the teachers will be able to know which type of intelligence their student master. Especially, a teacher should be aware of the multiple intelligences among students, use different strategies to reach children with all types of intelligences. In addition, multiple Intelligence theory supports the understanding of intelligence, which teacher can consider as a guide to design activities and develop the teaching strategies, which is suitable for the needs of all the students in classroom. These teaching strategies will motivate children to find out their own strengths and knowledge and get the good results.