Hello everyone! My name Nguyen Thi Thu, this is my journal about brain based research and multiple intelligences (MIs) which teacher should use to help children learn English better and faster. Thank for your time to read it and give me some comments. Thank you very much!
Firstly, I want to talk about the brain based research. As you know, the teaching young should be done well at the first time and to do this, teacher need to understand mostly the brain’s development process of children. The learning of children is based on the structure and function of the brain. As long as the brain is not prohibited from fulfilling its normal processes, learning will occur. Everyone is born with a brain that functions as an immensely powerful processor; however, each of them has the different view about the same problem and the way of reaction to situation is also different. Therefore, teacher plays an important role to orientate for children about what they should do. Mostly, in this age (from 6 to 10) the knowledge that they acquire at school or at home is based on the imitation. They have no clear idea for any topic around them and teacher will become the mentor for them. And to do well this, teacher must be sensitive to recognize early the different ways of development in children’s brain to give suitable teaching methods. In addition, teacher should encourage the initiative in studying of young. It means sometimes instead of boring lectures, teacher should help children join activities to get new knowledge. By playing games, singing, dancing, guessing words or use pictures, real objects and so on, children are easier to remember the lesson.
Secondly, I want to present about MIs. MIs are the range of intelligences or abilities not just one fixed one. It is useful to help teacher identify student’s basic personal characteristics, traits, behaviors, and preference through seven intelligences. Each person has 1 or 2 or more than 2 MIs but the important thing is to identify the characteristic of each and help children develop them. According to Howard Gardner, he has identified 7 distinct types of intelligences. The first one is Verbal/Linguistic Intelligence. Those people love words and sounds and the use of language. They are good speakers, like to explain, convince and persuade through words. They like communication and using their voice to present about anything relate to them. Some skills that they include: listening, speaking, storytelling, analyzing, language use… The second is Logical/Mathematical Intelligence. People with logical/mathematical intelligence create order out of chaos by analyzing, grouping, and categorizing. They recognize relationships, connections, and patterns more easily than people with less logical intelligence. Some characteristics include the following: problem solving, classification and categorizing information, performing complex mathematical calculation… The third is Musical Intelligence. Those people learn best through sound, rhythm, and music. These people learn better when music is playing and through musical metaphors. The skills include: singing, playing musical instruments, composing music, remembering melodies…. The fourth is Visual/Spatial Intelligence. People who like best using pictures, visuals, and imagery. They have a sense of direction and an ability to think and plan in three dimensions. Some characteristics include: use “mind maps”, organizes space, objects, and areas, see things in relationship to others… The fifth is Body/Kinesthetic Intelligence. People with high kinesthetic intelligence present information through their bodies-through muscle, sensation, and movement. Some skills include: dancing, sports, using body language, craft, acting, miming….. For examples: uses body to accomplish a task, experiences a total physical response… The sixth is Interpersonal Intelligence. Those people process information through relatedness to others. This type is good at being sensitive to feeling of others and responding well. It is in relationship to and with other people that they best understand themselves and the world. Some examples: good communication skills, loves to talk and influence, recognizes and empathizes with others’ feelings, easily makes friends and enjoys the company of others… The seventh is Intrapersonal Intelligence. Those people have a strong sense of themselves, their wants, and needs. They understand our own feelings and controlling our own behavior. Some skills include: express the different feelings, Enjoys self discovery, and likes to think alone…
In conclusion the knowledge about the children’s brains’ development is an important duty of teacher. Teacher should know the best characteristic of children so that they help them develop as well as they have.