The theory of multiple intelligences was developed in 1983 by Dr. Howard Gardner, professor of education at Harvard University. According to Dr. Howard Garder, the traditional notion of intelligence that based on I.Q. testing, is far too limited. Instead, Dr. Gardner proposes eight different intelligences to account for a broader range of human potential in children and adults. These intelligences are:
Linguistic intelligence (“word smart”)
Logical-mathematical intelligence (“number/reasoning smart”)
Spatial intelligence (“picture smart”)
Bodily-Kinesthetic intelligence (“body smart”)
Musical intelligence (“music smart”)
Interpersonal intelligence (“people smart”)
Intrapersonal intelligence (“self smart”)
Naturalist intelligence (“nature smart”).
Mutiple inteligences were very important in society. Each of them has its own function in our life. This theory also plays an important role in classroom instruction of the teachers. They should be aware of the equal importance of all intelligences to develop them effectively. The traditional education systems, on the other hand, only focus on developing the verbal and mathematical inteligences. However, the theory of mutiple inteligences, which is becoming more popular nowadays, points out that the educators should think of the other inteligences, not only verbal and mathematical ones, and teach their students with the widening of talents and skills. To do that, teachers should carefully choose the the materials and design the lectures which are most suitable for all kind of inteligenes, or most of them. That helps students to be enhanced in the lesson or at least keeps them in.
E.g: when teaching about organs of human body, a teacher can show students human body images, hold the game about the organs of human body, find a song that demonstrates the human body or watch some videos that relate to the body, or telling to a story about the parts of human body…
This kind of presentation encourages students to learn and helps teachers improve their skills in a variety of ways. This method of teaching can give the students the oportunity of understanding more deeply the subject material because it launchs a various sorts of intelligences.
As children do not learn in the same way, they cannot be assessed in a certain manner. Therefore, it is important that a teacheris aware of the intelligence of each student. By knowing how each student learns, teacher can asess the child’s progress properly (Lazear, 1992). This individualized evaluation practice will allow a teacher to make more informed decisions on what to teach and how to present information.