What do you know about multiple intelligences? According to Howard Gardner, a psychologist and professor of neuroscience from Havard University, intelligences is the ability to creat an effective product or offer a service that is valued in a culture. It is also a set of skills that make it possible for a person to solve problem in life. In addition to, intelligences is the potential for finding or creating solutions for problems which involves gathering new knowledge. Howard Gardner gave 9 multiple intelligences: linguistic intelligence, logical / mathematical intelligence, musical rhythmic intelligence, bodily intelligence, spatial intelligence, naturalist intelligence, intrapersonal intelligence, interpersonal intelligence and existential intelligence.
Firstly, it’s linguistic intelligence which involes sensitivity to spoken and writing language, the ability to learn language, and the capacity to use and to get certain goals such as: speaker, lawyer, orator,…
Secondly, logical/ mathematical intelligences is the capacity to understand the underlying principles of some kind of causual system, the way a scientist does, or relate to numbers, or quanyities.
Musical rhythmic intelligence is to think in music, recognize them. People ( singer, actor,…) who have strong musical intelligence don’t just remember music easily.
Bodily / kinesthetic intelligence is the capacity to use the whole body or parts of body ( hands, fingers, arms,…) to solve the problem, make some things, or put some kind of production. For examples: people in athletics, or performing arts, dancing, or acting.
Spatical intelligence is the ability to represent the spatical world in your mind. It can be used in the arts or in the sciences.
Naturalist intelligence is the ability to discriminate among living things and feel sensitive to other features of the natural world.
Intrapersonal intelligence: you can know who your are , what you are, what youcan do, what you want to do, how you react to thing….. That people tend to know what they can or can’t do and to know where to go if they need help.
Interpersonal intelligence is the ability to understand other people.
Finally, existential intelligence is the ability to pose questions about life, death,….
Many people ask how educators should implement the theory of multiple intelligences. It’s very important that teacher should take individual differences among students. Teacher and parents should care and develop the individual intelligences of children. An awareness of multiple intelligences theory has stimulated teachers to find more ways of helping all students in their classes. Some schools do this by adapting curriculum such as: lesson, design, units, projects, assessments,…. Teacher can allow student to explore and learn in many ways, and they can help students directly their own learning. Nobody is similar, and each student has their own intelligence in each field. A good teacher always explores and develops that intelligence of students. In Vietnam, students must spend much time on studying the core subjects: math, literature, and english, so they don’t pay attention to other fields such as: art, science,history,… and so on. Parents and teacher let them study three subjects very much to pass the entrance examination, don’t care their own intelligence. Maybe in this field, the student is not good at, but other field they will be successful. Believe in that thing.