When you want to motivate students in your lesson, you have to understand more clearly about “what is motivation?” and “how should you do to motivate students?” In this writing, I will share you my experiences about two main matter.
Firstly, motivation refers to the combination of effort plus desire to achieve the goal of learning the language plus favorable attitudes toward learning the language (Gardner, 1985, p.10). There are two basic types of motivation:
+ Instrumental motivation drives the learner to acquire another language for money, career, or power.
+ Integrative motivation arises out of a desire to identify with the culture or community that speaks the language.
Secondly, there are seven strategies for enhancing motivation:
1) Making goals explicit to learners
It is said that if we are aware of what we are expected to learn, then learning will be effective.
According to Bandura and Schunk (1981, pp.586-598) divided into three groups given different goals:
- Group 1 a vague and general goal of working “productively”
- Group 2 a distant goal of completing all sets of material by the end of the last session
- Group 3 a specific short-term goal for each session
David Nunan believed that it is possible to convey the goals of a lesson or unit of work to learners at a younger age.
2) Select content to which learners can relate
In learning, teacher needs to connect between knowledge in school with the lives of students outside of the classroom. It can enhance motivation.
3) Scaffold the learning process
The term scaffold is a metaphor taken from the construction industry. In education, scaffolds are frameworks that support the learning process. Learning can be “scaffolded” in many different ways.
4) Provide opportunities for personalization
This point shows that when learners are invited to contribute their own ideas, feelings, and reactions to a lesson, the content becomes more interesting and personally relevant.
5) Encourage group cohesion
Language learning and use are social activities, so when we build learning activities that encourage group cohesion enhances motivation.
6) Provide opportunities for genuine communication
Providing opportunities for genuine communication creates an explicit connection between in-class activities and potential out-of-class language use.
7) Provide learners with evidence of progress for their efforts
In language learning, evidence of progress can come in the form of lists of vocabulary that can be added to each week, checklists of functions acquired, and so on.
In conclusion, you should find out the best ways to motivate students in teaching English to have a good result. Good luck!