Learning style is an individual’s natural or habitual pattern of acquiring and processing information in learning situations. A core concept is that individuals differ in how they learn. In other word, it is the learner’s overall cognitive makeup, and reflected in personality. It is shaped by personal, cultural, and education factors. Therefore, we have 3 main types of learning styles: cognitive, sensory, personality. To learn more effective, people should combine some types of learning style. Moreover, people must relize that they have a dominant style of learning, with far less use of the other styles. Others may find that they use different styles in different circumstances. Using multiple learning style is new effective approach. Howerver, to use more effectively, you should understand clearly about them.
The first one is cognitive style. In field dependent, this style concentrates on fluency. I mean that the information is presented in context. In contrast, the style will forcus on accuracy in field independent. Specificly, students will learn step- by- step with sequential instruction. In addition, it will be more reflective when the students have time to consider new information before responding. It is also impulsive when they can respond to new information immidiately, as language learner, they are risk takers. The next one is sensory style that consits of two main types: perceptual and environmental, and these types also have small types. In perceptual, we have visual (charts, pictures, graphs…), auditory (listening information), tactile ( chance to use manipulative resources), and kinesthetic ( movement associated with learning). The other also has 2 small types: physical (sensitive to light, temperature, furniture), and sociological ( sensitive to environment). The last one is personality style that consists of tolerance of ambiguity and right and left hemisphere dominance. Tolerance of ambiguity refers to how comfortable a learner is with uncertainty. Hemisphere dominace have 2 types: left and right. Students tend to be more visual, analytical, reflective, and self- reliant when left- brain dominant them. In contrast, they tend to be more auditory, global, impulsive, and interactive.
In short, your learning styles have more influence than you may realize. Your preferred styles guide the way you learn. They also change the way you internally represent experiences, the way you recall information, or even the words you choose, and they always support to each other. Therefore, gainning success people should combine them, so learning style can be changed as a result of instruction by our upbringing and educational experiences.