: Multiple intelligences
Primary Training Course is an interesting one which has given me a chance to learn more about new knowledge. One of them is multiple intelligences. I am provided some theories about it. It is a useful experience for my training. It can be seen that learners always have their own strengths. Those specific and unique strengths which learners bring with them are often recognized as multiple intelligences. In learning and teaching field, applying various and relevant methods will be contributed to develop learners’ ability effectively.
Below is a review of types’ intelligences. Gardner (1983) considered that each individual has at least seven discreet intelligences. They are bodily/ kinesthetic (ability to use one’s body to express), musical/ rhythmic (ability to recognize rhythm and melody), intrapersonal (ability to practice oneself), logical/ mathematical (ability to use number effectively), visual/ spatial (ability to view or sensitively to shape, size and color), interpersonal (ability to understand moods, feelings) and verbal/ linguistic (ability to use language).
In my opinion, the teachers should help students to realize their own potentials through different activities and encourage them incessantly during teaching and learning process. Normally, the students own understanding come through hands, eyes and ears. Therefore, the physical world is very necessary . In primary level, most students love playing with language sounds, imitating, and making funny noises. I’m sure that the students will like the new lesson more and will probably take better care of the materials. Thus, we should develop and create more interesting activities such as playing music, chant, video, story-telling, drawing, singing, imitating funny sounds, so on.
In learning process, young learners often have short attention spans. So, some movements or brightly colored visuals, toys, puppets or objects will attract them and absorb in new activities. It is necessary to use miming, facial expression, gestures and body languages, because they make what we show them more lively. Furthermore, eliciting should be included in learning process. It encourages students to draw on what they already know or partly know. It also gives us a chance to see what student know or what they do not. It requires the children to brainstorm and this is good for their brain’s development. It is the mean to give vocabulary (or structure) by using pictures, chant, or games. For example, I teach them vocabularies related to the body parts and the structures “this is…”, “these are…”. I will show in turn each of my body parts. When I point at my head, and I say “this is my head”. Then I point at my fingers. I say “These are my fingers”. Finally, I let the children speak in chorus when I show each of the body part. It is very interesting that when learning with the others, children can create their own conversations and that help them gain the necessary skills. Talking not only helps them feel friendly environment, but also be important to recycle language. In classroom, teachers should talk or answer children in English as much as possible.
To sum up, teachers should apply, design and develop classroom and extra-curricular activities more and more various, attractive and fit children’s ability. Simultaneously, giving them chances to develop themselves.