Multiple intelligences of children

     In teaching children to learn language, the first thing that teachers should involve is the kid’s brain development or multiple intelligences. There are some people studying the intelligences with many different ideas, but Howard Gardner’s theory is the most popular.

      Howard Gardner identified seven distinct intelligences: verbal/linguistic, logical/mathematical, spatial/visual, body-kinaesthetic, musical, interpersonal and intrapersonal intelligences. Each person has his own kinds of intelligences, not all of the people are similar. They can have only one or more types. When teaching to children, teachers should look at all their ability before giving the total evaluation. For example, a kid is very good at singing, but he has some problems with math, which does not mean that he is not intelligent. Because, his intelligence belongs to music. In addition, the teachers have to study the theory carefully.

  • Verbal/linguistic intelligence: people are sensitive to words and sounds and the use of language. They are typically good at listening, speaking, telling stories, playing word games, …
  • Logical/mathematical intelligence: people always have logical and critical thinking. They like working with numbers, calculation, … They are good at problem solving, classification and categorizing information, performing complex things, working with difficult shapes, …
  • Spatial/visual intelligence: they are interested in drawing, painting, sketching, …
  • Bodily-kinaesthetic intelligence: They use their body effectively as a dancer or a surgeon. They like movement, taking action, …
  • Musical intelligence: They are able to hear and make sounds and rhythm in music. They often spend much time singing, playing instruments, …
  • Interpersonal intelligence: They are sensitive to feeling of others and responding well.
  • Intrapersonal intelligence: They understand their own interest, goals. They tend to shy away from others.

Therefore, the teachers should design many different activities in the class for the young learners to have opportunity to perform their ability. They can develop their strong points belong to their intelligence area and can learn other things which they are not good at. The teachers should organize some ways of giving lessons to the students such as: guessing pictures, posters, relias, chants, maps, …



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