Game is one of the best effective teaching English method. Young learners especially children like playing games, therefore, using games in teaching English can draw student’s attention to the lesson and raise their interest in learnig English.
So, Why we use games in teaching English ? It’s because of some main advantages. Firstly, games provide students a break while practicing language skills. Secondly, the different kinds of games motivate students a lot and also challenge them to be able to be the winners. And, What else? Through games, students can get more experience in co-operating with the members in the same team so that their collabration skill can be improved much.
When should games be used?
Games can be used in any parts of the lesson and can be considered as one kind of learing activities. It can help develop all four important English skills, namely, listening, speaking, reading and writing. However, the question “when do we should hold a game in a lesson?” is very important. Because the time that we decide to have students play a game affects directly to the kind of games used as well as the content of the lesson.
How to choose a game?
When listening to the part ” Play a game”, students’ thoughts seem just thinking about the fun of the game. Therefore, the teacher’s role here is very important. The choices should be started from the goals of the activities ” Which language skills students can develop through the game?” Besides, They should think about the best games that benifits students in different ways and the way to link the games to the content of the lessons. The game chosen should consider the following questions:
- Which language does the game target?
- Which language skills does it practice? The language skill focus could be any one of the major skills of listening, speaking, reading or writing.
- What type of game is it?
- What’s the purpose for using it?
- Does it fit the students? How could I simplify or make it more complex if necessary? Many games require modification in use when the students’ need are taken into consideration.
- How much interaction and participation is there? Maximum involvement is something we are pursuing.
- Do I like the game myself?
What will we have to prepare for a game?
Games always go along with its rules. There should be a clear introduction to the learners. Sometimes, the mother tongue can be used instead of the target language to ensure the limited time and help students understand clearly about the game. Specially, it’s better for us to make a good example than a long explanation so as to save time and to make sure students can play it well. And, as a natural way, everything should be stopped at its peak to make the others excited about it; it’s the same to games.
Here are some different kinds of games that you can use in English lessons: