Multiple Intelligences

Howard Gardner, the Educational researcher and professor first proposed the theory of multiple intelligences. His theory showed that intelligence was not comprised of a single ability but rather consisted of eight varied abilities. These eight multiple intelligences are as follows: linguistic, logical, spatial, body-kinesthetic, musical, interpersonal, intrapersonal and naturalist. Further research showed that using these areas of strength in the classroom would provide students some ways to learn and be assessed. By gearing instruction toward many intelligences, rather than just the traditional linguistic and logical intelligences, students with varied strengths will be better able to understand and achieve at higher levels.
Teachers use linguistic and logical intelligences through reading, writing and mathematical applications.

Spatial intelligence are visual instruction using graphs, maps and pictures.

Students with bodily-kinesthetic intelligence should be provided opportunities for hands-on learning.

Drama, dance and sports are all engaging activities for this type of learner.

Musical intelligence can be addressed through the use of rhythmic language, songs that teach, and musical instruments.

Interpersonal learners learn best when engaged in cooperative, or group, activities. Peer tutoring and social games are helpful teaching tools.

Intrapersonal learners are the opposite of interpersonal intelligence. Intrapersonal students learn best in individualized environments, using journals, making personal connections or using independent study to boost ability.

Finally, the naturalist intelligence is best addressed through nature studies, ecological awareness activities and activities involving plants or animals. Applying various strategies to create a multiple-intelligence friendly learning environment is imperative to reaching all learners.

Teacher should understand more clearly about multi-intelligences to help student develop ability and achieve the true level.

One thought on “Multiple Intelligences

  1. Thank for your idea. It is useful for us to find out these activities which suitable with kind of different intelligent . Each child posses a kind of intelligence and teacher has to orient student to take part in different activities in class. Therefore, we give the own characteristics of each intelligence. For example, People who are good at
    writing,communication belong to linguistic intelligence. Therefore, activities such as composing poet, story and writing paper will be suitable with them. As You said”Students with bodily-kinesthetic intelligence should be provided opportunities for hands-on learning”. I think they communicate well through body language and be taught through physical activity,acting out, role playing. Tools include equipment and real objects. Drama also is good activities for them to practice in the class. You should show particularly activities for each type of intelligence. For example, People belong to logical intelligent can play game like sudoku, chess and so on. To sum up, it will be better to list some games or activities for multiple intelligence.

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