Classroom management

There were many researches showed that classroom management is a crucial factor that effect on students’ learning. Effective classroom management prepares for the class with effective instruction which is important in learning process, helpful for students’ acquisition. The term classroom management was commonly defined as the actions and strategies of the teachers in the class to keep the order (Doyle, 1986). Nowadays, this concept was defined broader. It refers to the learning, students’ behaviors, and the social interaction in the classroom, includes person, instruction, and discipline (Martin & Baldwin, 1992).
Over the time, we now suppose for the students-centered orientation instead of teacher-centered in the past. However, we can not deny the important role of a teacher in the classroom. Teachers are the leaders who create the activities, give the instruction to help students get the knowledge. Teachers, especially primary school teachers, play an important role in managing the students’ behavior, dealing with students’ misbehavior, and giving the positive learning environment. Classroom management supports for the effective and efficient instruction which is the greatest tool of teaching and also learning.
As a teacher, we should be aware of some effective classroom management methods to get the best achievement. However, all management strategies are not effective for every teacher; teachers therefore have to try different strategies to see if they work for you. There were some principles for successful classroom management below to concern:
– Creating suitable rules to manage students’ behavior, this is the best supporting for teacher, but how to apply it to student?
• let students remember them one by one;
• keep repeating in every lesson;
• make it short and simple;
• make only 3-5 rules;
– Planning for students to be always on-task, even on dealing with disruptive behaviors. It means creating the over-learned plan to keep the classroom always on learning activities.
– Teachers should:
• Focus attention on entire class
• Don’t talk over student chatter, be silent for s while if necessary.
• Use softer voice or give students non-verbal cues so students really have to listen to what you’re saying
• Direct your instruction so that students know what is going to happen
• Monitor groups of students to check progress
• Move around the room so students have to pay attention more readily
• Make sure classroom is comfortable and safe
• Come to class prepared
• Show confidence in your teaching

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