According to the brain based learning, the first 3 years of life are the most critical for brain development. Learning or activities that help the child initial perceive the life in this time will be the effective way of the learning in the future.
To develop the children’s brain power, it is necessary to create learning environment for them. Environment will provide them many experiences through the action of life, feeling or emotion. To English, the teacher also needs to create motivation for them through multisensory. Therefore, if children use their different senses when they are learning something, they are more likely to remember it later. For example, to teach the new word “pencil”, the teacher can use a real pencil to illustrate instead of explaining by some words. The children can see or touch this pencil, this way will help them remember effectively.
English teaching and learning activities for children should simple and easy to understand with real situation in life and funny environment. Singing, playing game, dancing, etc are the essential activities to encourage the learning process of the children. Also, it is important to put the children in communicate environment where children can practice and speaking English. Both learning and doing or both doing and speaking are very necessary. For example, when teach the question “what are you going?” or “where is he/she going?”, teacher will stick some pictures of places in the wall. The teacher call and ask student A to go to a place. Another student will be called next and answer the question “ where is A going?” In another situation, a student will take a real pen and a real ruler and say “ I have a pen and a ruler”.
Teacher have always known that their student have different strengths and weakness. It can be strong in math intelligence and weak in naturalistic, another is strong in linguistic or musical. Of course, some can learn equally well either way. Teacher acknowledges that children bring with them specific and unique strengths which are often recognized as multiple intelligences. Determining the abilities of each students and the teacher have suitable English learning activities. For example, a child with musical intelligence will learn music quickly, so they will learn English easily and faster by an English song. However, the teacher should not use activities only based on their strengths or weakness, it will effect on the balanced development of the child.
By Cam Anh